Artificial insemination refers to the process of delivering the sperm into the cervix/uterus of a woman without having actual sex. There are mainly two ways of delivering the sperm and in one of the procedures, the sperm is ‘washed’ and delivered into the uterus to achieve better success rates.
ICSI – IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection – In order for fertilization to occur, sperm should penetrate the egg. Sometimes the sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer. A procedure called Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) can help fertilize the egg by injecting the sperm directly into the egg.
Did you know that the number of infertility cases in men (and women) have been gradually increasing with time? Every year (from 1970), sperm count has been declining in men at the rate of 1.4% with an overall decline of 52.4% in the last 40 years.
PICSI- Physiological Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection Fertility depends on the quality of the sperm and the egg. Qualitatively better gametes result in better fertility rates. This obviously happens in nature. A challenge in vitro however is to determine what constitutes the best quality gametes. When an ICSI procedure is planned, sperms are usually chosen based…