Testicular swelling (also called swollen testicles or enlarged scrotum) is a medical condition where the testicle (either one or both) gets enlarged due to an infection or accumulation of fluids or due to cysts or tumour.
When you present yourself to your sex specialist, the first he/she would do to you is a physical examination of your testicles. An experienced sexologist can easily feel any lumps or tumors in the area. If no condition is obvious through physical examination, he/she may ask to go for certain tests.
Testicular pain may be chronic or sharp; may be felt in one or both the testicles depending on the cause. There are several reasons that can lead to pain in testicles including testicular torsion, epididymitis, orchitis, injury or trauma, inguinal hernia, growth of lumps or tumors, kidney stones etc. Even a mild testicular pain should not be ignored because sometimes, that may be indicating a severe underlying cause that needs to be treated. Ignoring testicular pain can lead to surgical intervention or removal of testicles.